The scene from The Magic Flute, Royal Opera House.
The Magic Flute by Mozart is among the most frequently performed opera of all time. It is two-act opera in a German libretto written by Emanuel Schikaneder. It was premiered on September 30, 1791, two months before Mozart's death. The premiere was held in the Freihaus-Teater Auf der Wieden. The opera is in the form of a Singspiel, which means that it consists of both singing and dialogue.
The Magic Flute is a fairytale about Tamino and Pamina. Prince Tamino is lost in a foreign land, and the daughter of the Queen of the Night, Pamina, is captured by an evil Sarastro. With the help of Papageno, the bird-catcher, magic bells, and a magic flute, Tamino decides to rescue the love of his life-Pamina. The full list of characters looks like this: Pamina ( daughter of the Queen of the Night, sings soprano), Tamino ( a prince, sings tenor), Sarastro ( Priest of the Sun, bass), Queen of the Night ( high soprano), Papageno ( a bird catcher, is a baritone), Papagena ( sings soprano), Monastatos ( servant of Sarastro, is a tenor).
It is well-known that Mozart and Schikaneder were freemasons. The Magic Flute is full of Masonic symbols, for instance, the number 3 is often used: three ladies( playing servants of the Queen of the Night), three child spirits, musical passages feature three chords, three doors to Sarastro's palace, etc.
The Magic Flute is a story between the battle of opposites: the day and night, good and evil, woman and man. The opera became very successful after it premiered in 1791. Nowadays, The Magic Flute holds its place as one of the most performed operas in the world.