Biography of Mozart

Early Life of Mozart

The author of more than 600 works, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born in Getreidegasse, on January 27, 1756. His father, Leopold Mozart, was a composer and music teacher. Mozart was the youngest child out of seven, and Five children died in the infancy. He was baptized on the second day of his birth, and his Christian name was Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart.

From an early age, Mozart was studying music, languages, and other subjects. Leopold, Mozart's father, was his only teacher. Young Mozart was keen on music from childhood and wrote his first musical composition when he was four or five years old. When Mozart's talent became evident, his father gave up on composing himself. Mozart wrote the first symphony when he was only eight years old.

To show his son's abilities, Leopold used to make European journeys to big cities such as Munich, Paris, London, Amsterdam, and so on, where young Mozart performed and met other composers and musicians. In 1769 father and son left Salzburg for Italy. Mozart and Leopold stayed there for two years. In 1770, a young composer wrote his first opera named Mitridate, re di Porto. It became trendy, and his performances were successful too, but they had to return home.

In 1781, Mozart went to Viena, where he found a job at Archbishop Colloredo. He was Archbishop’s private musician, but Mozart had further goals and dreams. He wanted to perform in front of the emperor. After resignment from Colloredo, Mozart became a freelance performer and decided to settle in Viena.

Later Years

Mozart got married on August 4, 1782, and had six children. Unfortunately, four of them died in infancy. During this period he became acquainted with Bach's and Handel's work and took a great inspiration out of them. In the years 1782 and 1785, Mozart was performing as a solo artist, making concerts in each season, he was booking huge venues and ballrooms. His shows were becoming more and more popular. Due to all of this, Mozart's income grew. He and his wife adopted a very luxurious lifestyle, moved to a new apartment, sent their son to an expensive boarding school, and hired servants. But the family's financial success did not last long. At the end of the decade, the Composer's circumstances worsened. The family moved to the suburb of Alsergrund. During 1790 Mozart made a long journey from Leipzig to Mannheim and other German cities in the hope of improving his financial state.

Mozart fell ill in 1791, in Prague. Before his death, he composed some of his most famous works, The Magic Flute, Requiem, etc. He died at the age of 35 on December 5, 1791, in his home at a very calm and mild day.


The Magic Flute

The scene from The Magic Flute, Royal Opera House. The Magic Flute by Mozart is among the most frequently performed opera of all time. It is two-act opera in a German libretto written by Emanuel Schikaneder. It was premiered on September 30, 1791, two months before Mozart's death. The premiere was held in the Freihaus-Teater Auf der Wieden. The opera is in the form of a Singspiel, which means that it consists of both singing and dialogue. The Magic Flute is a fairytale about Tamino and Pamina. Prince Tamino is lost in a foreign land, and the daughter of the Queen of the Night, Pamina, is captured by an evil Sarastro. With the help of Papageno, the bird-catcher, magic bells, and a magic flute, Tamino decides to rescue the love of his life-Pamina. The full list of characters looks like this: Pamina ( daughter of the Queen of the Night, sings soprano), Tamino ( a prince, sings tenor), Sarastro ( Priest of the Sun, bass), Queen of the Night ( high soprano), Papageno ( a bird catcher, is a baritone), Papagena ( sings soprano), Monastatos ( servant of Sarastro, is a tenor). It is well-known that Mozart and Schikaneder were freemasons. The Magic Flute is full of Masonic symbols, for instance, the number 3 is often used: three ladies( playing servants of the Queen of the Night), three child spirits, musical passages feature three chords, three doors to Sarastro's palace, etc. The Magic Flute is a story between the battle of opposites: the day and night, good and evil, woman and man. The opera became very successful after i