Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The author of more than 600 works, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born in Getreidegasse, on January 27, 1756. His father, Leopold Mozart, was a composer and music teacher. Mozart was the youngest child out of seven, and Five children died in the infancy. He was baptized on the second day of his birth, and his Christian name was Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart.

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Biography of Mozart

Early Life of Mozart The author of more than 600 works, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born in Getreidegasse, on January 27, 1756. His father, Leopold Mozart, was a composer and music teacher. Mozart was the youngest child out of seven, and Five children died in the infancy. He was baptized on the second day of his birth, and his Christian name was Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. From an early age, Mozart was studying music, languages, and other subjects. Leopold, Mozart's father, was his only teacher. Young Mozart was keen on music from childhood and wrote his first musical composition when he was four or five years old. When Mozart's talent became evident, his father gave up on composing himself. Mozart wrote the first symphony when he was only eight years old. To show his son's abilities, Leopold used to make European journeys to big cities such as Munich, Paris, London, Amsterdam, and so on, where young Mozart performed and met other composers and musicians. In 1769 father and son left Salzburg for Italy. Mozart and Leopold stayed there for two years. In 1770, a young composer wrote his first opera named Mitridate, re di Porto. It became trendy, and his performances were successful too, but they had to return home. In 1781, Mozart went to Viena, where he found a job at Archbishop Colloredo. He was Archbishop’s private musician, but Mozart had further goals and dreams. He wanted to perform in front of the emperor. After resignment from Colloredo, Mozart became a freelance performer and

Requiem

History of making Requiem The history of composing a choral masterpiece-Requiem is a big mystery up until this day. In 1791, Mozart was already ill when an anonymous man turned up at his door. This stranger told Mozart that he represented his patron, who wanted to remain unknown. This man wanted a Requiem from the Composer. Mozart had a bad feeling about it. Because he was ill, he thought that Requiem would be his "swansong," the last piece he would ever create. This commission scared Mozart, but he dedicated himself to it. Unfortunately, Mozart only could complete the Requiem, Kyrie movements, and sketch the voice and bass parts for the Dies Irae to the Hostias. Mozart, One of the greatest composers of all time, died on December 5, 1791. He was only 35 years old. He died before finishing his last commission. Constanze, Mozart's widow, feared that the patron would want the money back, so she asked Joseph Eybler to complete the work. After Eybler, Another composer that worked on the Requiem was Franz Xaver Sussmeyr. With all the completions done by these composers, it became impossible to understand who wrote what. The anonymous customer was Anton Leitgeb, a man who was stealing music from other composers and using them as his creations. Regardless of the author of different parts of the Requiem, it is still a masterpiece to all of us. As Beethoven said: "If Mozart did not write the music, then the man who wrote it was a Mozart." The structure of a Requiem consists of eight sections: Introitus, Kyrie

The Magic Flute

The scene from The Magic Flute, Royal Opera House. The Magic Flute by Mozart is among the most frequently performed opera of all time. It is two-act opera in a German libretto written by Emanuel Schikaneder. It was premiered on September 30, 1791, two months before Mozart's death. The premiere was held in the Freihaus-Teater Auf der Wieden. The opera is in the form of a Singspiel, which means that it consists of both singing and dialogue. The Magic Flute is a fairytale about Tamino and Pamina. Prince Tamino is lost in a foreign land, and the daughter of the Queen of the Night, Pamina, is captured by an evil Sarastro. With the help of Papageno, the bird-catcher, magic bells, and a magic flute, Tamino decides to rescue the love of his life-Pamina. The full list of characters looks like this: Pamina ( daughter of the Queen of the Night, sings soprano), Tamino ( a prince, sings tenor), Sarastro ( Priest of the Sun, bass), Queen of the Night ( high soprano), Papageno ( a bird catcher, is a baritone), Papagena ( sings soprano), Monastatos ( servant of Sarastro, is a tenor). It is well-known that Mozart and Schikaneder were freemasons. The Magic Flute is full of Masonic symbols, for instance, the number 3 is often used: three ladies( playing servants of the Queen of the Night), three child spirits, musical passages feature three chords, three doors to Sarastro's palace, etc. The Magic Flute is a story between the battle of opposites: the day and night, good and evil, woman and man. The opera became very successful after i

The Marriage Of Figaro

Synopsis of The Marriage of Figaro The Marriage of Figaro can be considered as the sequel of The Barber of Seville. The Barber of Seville is a story about a young man Almaviva, who wins his lover beautiful Rosina away from her guardian Dr. Bartolo. Almaviva does this with the help of Figaro. The story played in The Marriage of Figaro is three years later from this case. Now Rosina and Almaviva are Countess and Count, and Figaro is engaged to marry Susanna, the maid of Rosina. The Marriage of Figaro is a four-act comic opera, also known as opera buffa. Performance History The Marriage of Figaro was first performed on May 1, 1786, in Vienna. Premiere was held at the Burgtheater. Mozart himself conducted the first two performances of the opera, and he was doing seated at the keyboard. Later, Joseph Weigl was conducting the performances. In the first year of premiering the opera, it was only performed nine times, including the premiere. This number was nothing against the frequency of playing The Magic Flute, which was performed every other day for months after it came out. The first performance of The Marriage of Figaro was a total success, the applause of the audience was a sign of later engagement, but Joseph the second, who was in charge of the Burgtheater, was very concerned by the length of the performance itself. The first performance may not be the best, but Mozart and his music was loved immensely and was considered a masterpiece. Ferenc Kazinczy, the Hungarian poet, was attending the performance of The Marriage of Fig

Interesting Facts About Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a composer everyone knows and loves, a man who died in his early 30s, author of 600 musical pieces lived a turbulent, exciting, and interesting life, with many ups and downs. His works are studied, performed, and celebrated to this day, and his legacy is being renewed with each new performer, who tries to experience Mozart's greatness. He lived such a short life, but could to mark his name with golden letters. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s life was filled with many interesting facts. We try to mention some of them. Mozart's full baptized name looks like this: Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. Johannes Chrysostmus is his saint's name, chosen after Mozart's birthday, January 27, was Saint John Chrysostom's feast day. Wolfgangus in German means running wolf, and was the name of Mozart's grandfather. Theophilus, in Greek it means loved by God. In German, it is Gottlieb, and Amadeus comes from Latin form. Mozart, at the age of 3, could pick out chords by ear; at the age of four, he could play short pieces, and from age five, he started composing. When he was six years old, his father Leopold took Mozart on the European tour. Young Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was playing concerts in different cities, in different countries. Mozart wrote the first symphony when he was eight years old, in 1764. While visiting London as a child, Mozart met Johann Christian Bach. Bach became one of the influences of a young composer. It is well-acknowledge that some of his symphonies a

More about Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Early Life of Mozart

The author of more than 600 works, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born in Getreidegasse, on January 27, 1756. His father, Leopold Mozart, was a composer and music teacher. Mozart was the youngest child out of seven, and Five children died in the infancy. He was baptized on the second day of his birth, and his Christian name was Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart.

From an early age, Mozart was studying music, languages, and other subjects. Leopold, Mozart's father, was his only teacher. Young Mozart was keen on music from childhood and wrote his first musical composition when he was four or five years old. When Mozart's talent became evident, his father gave up on composing himself. Mozart wrote the first symphony when he was only eight years old.

To show his son's abilities, Leopold used to make European journeys to big cities such as Munich, Paris, London, Amsterdam, and so on, where young Mozart performed and met other composers and musicians. In 1769 father and son left Salzburg for Italy. Mozart and Leopold stayed there for two years. In 1770, a young composer wrote his first opera named Mitridate, re di Porto. It became trendy, and his performances were successful too, but they had to return home.

In 1781, Mozart went to Viena, where he found a job at Archbishop Colloredo. He was Archbishop’s private musician, but Mozart had further goals and dreams. He wanted to perform in front of the emperor. After resignment from Colloredo, Mozart became a freelance performer and decided to settle in Viena.

Later Years

Mozart got married on August 4, 1782, and had six children. Unfortunately, four of them died in infancy. During this period he became acquainted with Bach's and Handel's work and took a great inspiration out of them. In the years 1782 and 1785, Mozart was performing as a solo artist, making concerts in each season, he was booking huge venues and ballrooms. His shows were becoming more and more popular. Due to all of this, Mozart's income grew. He and his wife adopted a very luxurious lifestyle, moved to a new apartment, sent their son to an expensive boarding school, and hired servants. But the family's financial success did not last long. At the end of the decade, the Composer's circumstances worsened. The family moved to the suburb of Alsergrund. During 1790 Mozart made a long journey from Leipzig to Mannheim and other German cities in the hope of improving his financial state.

Mozart fell ill in 1791, in Prague. Before his death, he composed some of his most famous works, The Magic Flute, Requiem, etc. He died at the age of 35 on December 5, 1791, in his home at a very calm and mild day.